Design, Interior Design, Teaching & Learning

Easy 3D

Well, at a glance, it might not look easy but this one is for my students. We spend a good amount of class time on a demonstration of this type of drawing. It’s a paraline drawing, otherwise known as axonometric drawing. The easy part is that it is all measured so you are not dealing with vanishing point as you would in a perspective view. The not so easy part is that this is most students’ first time doing anything in 3D, so it can be confusing. Once practiced, it gives you a tool to produce a very helpful 3D image like the one below of a retail space.

retail-floorplan retail-axon


My tips are:

  1. Find a work space that you can leave your work taped down. The dining room is not typically a good option unless your parents or roommates never plan to eat there.
  2. If you can, find a good block of time (a few hours) to work on the drawing. It takes time to set it up and if you leave and come back, you might not remember exactly where you left off.
  3. Use colored pencils and layer! Use a different color for the walls vs. the furniture and draw on different pieces of paper. This way when you are ready to do a final tracing, you will more clearly see which lines that will be hidden, etc. (And if you mess up, you can do one section over vs. the entire drawing)
  4. Relax! If you are too stressed out, it won’t be fun. Get a quick refresher from the video if you get stuck.

I hope my students find this helpful and I look forward to seeing their work progress!

Transcript of video:
I’m working on learning how to do CC for videos. Our campus will do some of them, but deemed this one short enough that an interpreter could manage it for a student. Hopefully the transcript is helpful for those who need it.

An Axonometric drawing is a measured paraline drawing and it’s a simple beginning way to visualize your Interior Design plans in 3 dimensions.

For an Axonmetric drawing, the first thing you need is a really good plan and your tools. You need a T-square (or parallel bar) a 30/60 triangle, something to tape down your plan like drafting dots, some nice pens, a scale and an assortment of colored pencils which is a technique that I like to use. So the first thing we’re going to do is grab the plan and tape it down.

In this plan, we are only drawing an Axonometric view of the reception area. We need to determine which angle will work best so first we’ll align the plan with the T-square and examine it to see which view we want to look at and that one looks pretty good, looking that direction. So we’ll turn the plan 60 degrees, use the triangle to line the plan up and make sure everything sort of stays in place so that ultimately, we can tape the plan down at this angle.

I want to see this back wall here, and I’ll probably show part of this wall also in the Axonometric view. So in a sense we are basically lifting the walls and all of the flat surfaces up to scale. We’ll start by using the colored pencils.

What we are doing basically is tracing the shape of the desk itself and I’m literally lifting it up 30 inches to scale at ¼” so that’s where it would sit down on the plan. So the same concept applies with your walls. You could literally trace them and move the paper up your desired distance and that would end up being the top of the wall or the top of the desk element.

We’ll go back to this and continue with the cabinets and putting this transaction surface on top and doing a trace over. We’ll get to some of the furniture too and then trace it over and see what we end up with for our final.

I’m just going to finish up some of the line work of the desk and then take a close look at the furniture.

This is where that height transition will occur, let’s look at that now actually. So I’m missing a line that needs to go right there, here, and all of the line work that would connect the bottom of the walls. As you can see here where you have the low to the high transaction surface which is going to bury the line work below and that’s why I like to work in colored pencil. So I’m going to work on the furniture up front and then do a quick re-trace of the whole thing and add some details in.

Ok, so we are going to draw these two sofas and the table in between, so we need to know the height of the seat and the height of the back and you’re really only going to see the back of it so I’m going to start with that and we’ll do a nice, modern, square-like sofa here. The nice thing is, once I’ve drawn one, all I really have to do is copy it over and I have the next one as well. So I’m just going to draw one.

7 thoughts on “Easy 3D

    1. That is a huge compliment since its my handwriting. I actually do want to create a font from it. Summer project list…

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